Bioremediation: An Approach to Sustainable Development

Authors

  • Shipra Mohan Tripathi Department of Biotechnology, Utkarsh School of Management and Technology (Affiliated to MJP Rohilkhand University), Bareilly, U.P., INDIA

Keywords:

bioremediation, microorganisms, pollutants, sustainable development, biostimulation, bioaugmentation

Abstract

With the increasing human-induced activities a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial habitats are being contaminated which requires an eco-friendly technology for the sustainable development and management of the environment. Bioremediation is now a day’s one of the widely used and popular approach as an alternative to primitive methods for the treatment of waste materials and sources by degrading the contaminants with the help of microbial activity mediated by various bacterial strains. Bioremediation can be broadly divided into three types i.e. Biostimulation, Bioaugmentation and Intrinsic Bioremediation. These bioremediation type marks their action on different pollution task such as degradation of organic wastes with the help of microbes, clean-up of dissolved soil and water contaminants, toxins, heavy metals and oils. Bioremediation is governed by microorganisms which under aerobic and anaerobic reaction create certain enzymatic conditions to eliminate, degrade, and detoxify the hazardous wastes and pollutants. The strategy followed by bioremediation stimulates the basic organic mechanism in order to cleanse both contaminated soil and the groundwater. The consequential threat to ecology is the occupancy of heavy metals in the water bodies which is considered as the enigmatic worldwide environmental distress to deal with. This review discusses about most recent developmental techniques of bioremediation, microbial mode of action to break down different pollutants, and the future aspects of bioremediation in order to decrease the load of pollution from the world.

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Published

30-06-2023

Issue

Section

Reviews

How to Cite

Tripathi, S. M. (2023). Bioremediation: An Approach to Sustainable Development. G-Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 11(1), 5-7. https://gjestenv.com/index.php/gjest/article/view/129

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